Cabrillo National Monument

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94 species matched this search criteria




Family Asteraceae (radiate) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

1
Horseweed
Erigeron canadensis

TJM1: Conyza canadensis.

Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Canadian horseweed.
Generic common name: FLEABANE DAISY, FLEABANE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in grassland, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Erigeron canadensis

2
Garland Chrysanthemum *
Glebionis coronaria

TJM1: Chrysanthemum coronarium.

Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: crown daisy, garland daisy.
Generic common name: DAISY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, Mar 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Glebionis coronaria

3
Osmadenia
Osmadenia tenella


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: false rosinweed, three-spot, three-spot rosin-weed.
Generic common name: OSMADENIA.

Coastal sage scrub, June 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Solitary, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Osmadenia tenella

4
Rock Daisy
Perityle emoryi


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Emory's rockdaisy.
Generic common name: ROCKDAISY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in coastal sage scrub, Dec 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Perityle emoryi


Family Asteraceae (ray) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

5
California Chicory
Rafinesquia californica


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: California plumeseed.
Generic common name: PLUMESEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rafinesquia californica

6
San Diego Milk-aster
Stephanomeria diegensis


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: wreathplant, San Diego wirelettuce.
Generic common name: WIRELETTUCE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, Aug 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Stephanomeria diegensis

7
Twiggy Wreath Plant
Stephanomeria virgata


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: virgate stephanomeria, tall stephanomeria, rod wirelettuce.
Generic common name: WIRELETTUCE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Aug 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Stephanomeria virgata ssp. pleurocarpa).
Thumbnail Picture of Stephanomeria virgata


Family Asteraceae (discoid) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

8
Coyote Brush
Baccharis pilularis ssp. consanguinea

TJM1: Baccharis pilularis.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: dwarf chaparral broom, chaparral broom.
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in chaparral, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer, Fall.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Baccharis pilularis).
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis pilularis ssp. consanguinea

9
Mule Fat
Baccharis salicifolia spp. salicifolia

TJM1: Baccharis salicifolia.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Male and female blossoms.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Baccharis salicifolia).
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis salicifolia spp. salicifolia

10
Hybrid Desertbroom
Baccharis sarothroides ◊ pilularis


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Broom Baccharis.
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Sept 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

This hybrid of two native species is likely an escaped cultivar with a form intermediate between its parents.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Baccharis sarothroides).
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis sarothroides ◊ pilularis

11
Beggar-ticks *
Bidens pilosa


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: hairy beggarticks, common beggar-ticks, Spanish-needles.
Generic common name: STICKTIGHT, SPANISH-NEEDLES, BEGGAR'S TICK.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Bidens pilosa

12
Little Horseweed *
Erigeron bonariensis

TJM1: Conyza bonariensis.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: asthmaweed, flax leaved fleabane.
Generic common name: FLEABANE DAISY, FLEABANE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed urban, Oct 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Erigeron bonariensis

13
Lowland Cudweed
Gnaphalium palustre


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: western marsh cudweed.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Photographs from SMMNRA: pond edge, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Gnaphalium palustre

14
Coulter's Horseweed
Laennecia coulteri

TJM1: Conyza coulteri.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Coulter's conyza.
Generic common name: HORSEWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed road margin, Oct 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.

Also LaŽnnecia.
Thumbnail Picture of Laennecia coulteri

15
Two-tone Everlasting
Pseudognaphalium biolettii

TJM1: Gnaphalium bicolor.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: bicolored everlasting, Bioletti's cudweed.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pseudognaphalium biolettii

16
California Everlasting
Pseudognaphalium californicum

TJM1: Gnaphalium californicum.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: California cudweed, green everlasting, California rabbit-tobacco.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pseudognaphalium californicum

17
Weedy Cudweed *
Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum

TJM1: Gnaphalium luteo-album.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: everlasting cudweed, fragrant everlasting, red-tip rabbit-tobacco.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, Oct 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum

18
Cotton-batting Plant
Pseudognaphalium stramineum

TJM1: Gnaphalium stramineum.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Chilean cudweed, small flowered cudweed, everlasting Cudweed.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Pseudognaphalium stramineum


Family Adoxaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Dipsacales)

19
Elderberry
Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea

TJM1: Sambucus mexicana.

Family: Adoxaceae (MUSKROOT), Caprifoliaceae (HONEYSUCKLE).
Other common names: blue elderberry.
Generic common name: ELDERBERRY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea


Family Boraginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Lamiales)

20
White Forget-me-not
Cryptantha clevelandii var. clevelandii

TJM1: Cryptantha clevelandii.

Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: Cleveland's cryptantha, common cryptantha.
Generic common name: CRYPTANTHA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Mar 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Cryptantha clevelandii).
Thumbnail Picture of Cryptantha clevelandii var. clevelandii

21
Large-flowered Popcorn Flower
Cryptantha intermedia var. intermedia

TJM1: Cryptantha intermedia.

Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: Clearwater cryptantha, common cryptantha.
Generic common name: CRYPTANTHA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, Mar 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cryptantha intermedia var. intermedia

22
Minute-flowered Popcorn Flower
Cryptantha micromeres


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: pygmyflower cryptantha, small flowered cryptantha.
Generic common name: CRYPTANTHA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, April 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cryptantha micromeres

23
Prickly Popcorn Flower
Cryptantha muricata var. muricata

TJM1: Cryptantha muricata.

Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: pointed cryptantha, showy prickly-nut cryptantha.
Generic common name: CRYPTANTHA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Mar 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Cryptantha muricata).
Thumbnail Picture of Cryptantha muricata var. muricata

24
Eucrypta
Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF).
Other common names: spotted hideseed, spotted eucrypta, common eucrypta.
Generic common name: HIDESEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia).
Thumbnail Picture of Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia

25
Wild Heliotrope
Heliotropium curassavicum var. oculatum

TJM1: Heliotropium curassavicum.

Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: salt heliotrope, Chinese parsley, seaside heliotrope.
Generic common name: HELIOTROPE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, July 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Heliotropium curassavicum var. oculatum).
Thumbnail Picture of Heliotropium curassavicum var. oculatum

26
Caterpillar Phacelia
Phacelia cicutaria var. hispida


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF).
Generic common name: PHACELIA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Phacelia cicutaria var. hispida

27
White Fiesta Flower
Pholistoma racemosum


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF).
Other common names: San diego fiestaflower, racemed fiestaflower.
Generic common name: FIESTAFLOWER.

Coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pholistoma racemosum

28
California popcornflower
Plagiobothrys collinus var. fulvescens


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: Cooper's popcorn flower, rough-stemmed popcornflower.
Generic common name: POPCORNFLOWER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: thin soil on rocky outcrop, June 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Plagiobothrys collinus var. fulvescens

29
San Diego Popcorn Flower
Plagiobothrys collinus var. gracilis


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: graceful popcorn flower, Cooper's popcorn flower.
Generic common name: POPCORNFLOWER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: thin-soiled open ground, Feb 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Plagiobothrys collinus var. gracilis


Family Lamiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Lamiales)

30
Horehound *
Marrubium vulgare


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Generic common name: HOREHOUND.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Marrubium vulgare

31
Black Sage
Salvia mellifera


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Generic common name: SAGE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road shoulder in sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Salvia mellifera


Family Rubiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Rubiales)

32
Narrow-leaved Bedstraw
Galium angustifolium ssp. angustifolium


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Generic common name: BEDSTRAW, CLEAVERS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Galium angustifolium ssp. angustifolium

33
Annual Bedstraw
Galium aparine


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Other common names: stickywilly, common bedstraw, goose grass.
Generic common name: BEDSTRAW, CLEAVERS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Galium aparine

34
Field Madder *
Sherardia arvensis


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Other common names: blue fieldmadder.
Generic common name: FIELD MADDER, SPURWORT.

Developed areas, April 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Sherardia arvensis


Family Scrophulariaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Scrophulariales)

35
Myoporum *
Myoporum laetum


Family: Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT), Myoporaceae MYOPORUM.
Other common names: ngaio tree, lollypop tree.
Generic common name: MYOPORUM.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed road margin in coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Myoporum laetum


Family Convolvulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

36
Wild Morning Glory
Calystegia macrostegia ssp. cyclostegia


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: island false bindweed, coast morning glory.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, FALSE BINDWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Intergrades with other local Calystegia species making precise a ID sometimes difficult.
Thumbnail Picture of Calystegia macrostegia ssp. cyclostegia

37
South Coast False Bindweed
Calystegia macrostegia ssp. intermedia


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: island false bindweed.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, FALSE BINDWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed grassland, July 2011.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Calystegia macrostegia ssp. intermedia

38
Bindweed *
Convolvulus arvensis


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: orchard morning-glory, field bindweed.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, BINDWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed grassland, June 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Convolvulus arvensis

39
Alkali Weed
Cressa truxillensis


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: spreading alkaliweed.
Generic common name: ALKALI WEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal salt marsh, July 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cressa truxillensis

40
California Dodder
Cuscuta californica var. papillosa


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY), Cuscutaceae (DODDER).
Other common names: chaparral dodder.
Generic common name: DODDER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Cuscuta californica var. californica).
Thumbnail Picture of Cuscuta californica var. papillosa

41
Saltmarsh Dodder
Cuscuta pacifica var. pacifica

TJM1: Cuscuta salina var. major.

Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY), Cuscutaceae (DODDER).
Other common names: goldenthread.
Generic common name: DODDER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: salt marsh, Sept 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Cuscuta pacifica).
Thumbnail Picture of Cuscuta pacifica var. pacifica


Family Polemoniaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

42
Angel's Gilia
Gilia angelensis


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: chaparral gilia.
Generic common name: GILIA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: burned chaparral, April 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Gilia angelensis

43
Slender-flowered Hooked Navarretia
Navarretia hamata ssp. leptantha


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Generic common name: PINCUSHIONPLANT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed trail margin in oak woodland and chaparral, July 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Navarretia hamata ssp. leptantha


Family Solanaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

44
Datura
Datura wrightii


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: sacred thorn-apple, toluaca, toloache, western Jimsonweed, hairy thorn-apple, devils trumpet.
Generic common name: JIMSON WEED, THORN-APPLE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed road margin near chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Datura wrightii

45
California Desert Thorn
Lycium californicum


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: California boxthorn.
Generic common name: BOX THORN.

Coastal sage scrub, Jan 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2 .
Thumbnail Picture of Lycium californicum

46
Cleveland's Tobacco
Nicotiana clevelandii


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Generic common name: TOBACCO.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, Mar 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Nicotiana clevelandii

47
Little White Nightshade
Solanum americanum


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: American black nightshade, common nightshade, small flowered nightshade.
Generic common name: NIGHTSHADE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: Sept 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Has been listed as Solanum nodiflorum in some flora.
Thumbnail Picture of Solanum americanum


Family Aizoaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

48
Crystalline Iceplant *
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Other common names: common ice plant.
Generic common name: ICEPLANT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal strand, April 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum

49
Slender-Leaved Iceplant *
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Generic common name: ICEPLANT.

Sandy slopes on the ocean side of the peninsula, April 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum


Family Cactaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

50
California Fishhook Cactus
Mammillaria dioica


Family: Cactaceae (CACTUS).
Other common names: strawberry cactus, coastal fishhook cactus.
Generic common name: FISHHOOK CACTUS, GLOBE CACTUS, NIPPLE CACTUS.

Coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Mammillaria dioica


Family Caryophyllaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

51
Corn Spurry *
Spergula arvensis


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: stickwort, starwort.
Generic common name: SPURREY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sandy bank along creek, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Spergula arvensis

52
Boccone's Sandspurry *
Spergularia bocconi


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Generic common name: SAND-SPURREY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, May 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Spergularia bocconi

53
Hairy Sandspurry *
Spergularia villosa


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Generic common name: SAND-SPURREY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed areas and roadsides, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Spergularia villosa

54
Common Chickweed *
Stellaria media


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Generic common name: CHICKWEED, STARWORT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Stellaria media


Family Montiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

55
Miner's Lettuce
Claytonia perfoliata


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: Madrean miner's lettuce.
Generic common name: SPRINGBEAUTY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Claytonia perfoliata


Family Plumbaginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Plumbaginales)

56
Wavyleaf Sea Lavender *
Limonium sinuatum


Family: Plumbaginaceae (LEADWORT).
Other common names: statice.
Generic common name: SEA-LAVENDER, MARSH-ROSEMARY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed road margin, Sept 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.

Cultivar occasionally escaped near landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Limonium sinuatum


Family Polygonaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Polygonales)

57
California Buckwheat
Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: Eastern Mojave buckwheat, coastal California buckwheat, leafy California buckwheat.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Sometimes intermediate between other varieties.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum

58
Santa Catalina Island Buckwheat
Eriogonum giganteum var. giganteum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: Santa Catalina Islandís St. Catherineís Lace.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: trailside near tidal salt marsh, July 2011.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum giganteum var. giganteum

59
California Chorizanthe
Mucronea californica


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: California spineflower.
Generic common name: SPINEFLOWER.

Sandy slopes on the ocean side of the peninsula, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Mucronea californica

60
Common Knotweed *
Polygonum aviculare ssp. depressum

TJM1: Polygonum arenastrum.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: doorweed, oval-leaf knotweed, dooryard knotweed.
Generic common name: KNOTWEED, SMARTWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed shoulder margin and pavement cracks, Mar 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Polygonum aviculare ssp. depressum


Family Papaveraceae (Magnoliopsida | Magnoliidae | Papaverales)

61
Cream Cups
Platystemon californicus


Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Generic common name: CREAMCUPS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, April 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Platystemon californicus


Family Myrtaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Myrtales)

62
Red Gum *
Eucalyptus camaldulensis var. camaldulensis

TJM1: Eucalyptus camaldulensis.
TJM2: Eucalyptus camaldulensis.

Family: Myrtaceae (MYRTLE, WAX MYRTLE).
Other common names: river red gum.
Generic common name: GUM TREE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian zone near creek, June 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic, widely planted.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Eucalyptus camaldulensis).
Thumbnail Picture of Eucalyptus camaldulensis var. camaldulensis


Family Rhamnaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rhamnales)

63
Wart-Stemmed Ceanothus
Ceanothus verrucosus


Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN).
Other common names: white coast ceanothus, barranca brush.
Generic common name: CALIFORNIA-LILAC, CEANOTHUS.

Chaparral, Jan 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 2B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Ceanothus verrucosus


Family Rosaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

64
Chamise
Adenostoma fasciculatum var. fasciculatum


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Generic common name: CHAMISE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Adenostoma fasciculatum).
Thumbnail Picture of Adenostoma fasciculatum var. fasciculatum

65
Toyon
Heteromeles arbutifolia


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: Christmas berry.
Generic common name: CHRISTMAS BERRY, TOYON.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Heteromeles arbutifolia

66
Hollyleaf Cherry
Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Generic common name: PLUM.

Photographs from SMMNRA: roadside riparian woodland, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia


Family Apiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Apiales)

67
Wild Celery
Apiastrum angustifolium


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: mock parsley, wild parsley.
Generic common name: APIASTRUM.

Photographs from SMMNRA: burned chaparral, April 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Apiastrum angustifolium

68
Celery *
Apium graveolens


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: wild celery, garden celery.
Generic common name: CELERY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, June 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Apium graveolens

69
Marsh Parsley *
Cyclospermum leptophyllum

TJM1: Ciclospermum leptophyllum.
Other scientific names: Apium leptophyllum.

Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Generic common name: MARSH PARSLEY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: Lawns and disturbed areas, Aug 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cyclospermum leptophyllum

70
Rattlesnake Weed
Daucus pusillus


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: American wild carrot.
Generic common name: WILD CARROT, CARROT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Daucus pusillus


Family Euphorbiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Euphorbiales)

71
Rattlesnake Weed
Chamaesyce albomarginata

FNA: Euphorbia albomarginata.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: whitemargin sandmat.
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: cleared fire break, Oct 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce albomarginata

72
Spotted Spurge *
Chamaesyce maculata

FNA: Euphorbia maculata.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: spotted sandmat.
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: Aug 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce maculata

73
Prostrate Spurge
Chamaesyce polycarpa

FNA: Euphorbia polycarpa.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: small seeded spurge, smallseed sandmat.
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage brush, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce polycarpa

74
Cliff Spurge
Euphorbia misera


Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: cliff euphorbia.
Generic common name: SPURGE.

Coastal sage scrub, Mar 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 2B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Euphorbia misera

75
Castor Bean *
Ricinus communis


Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Generic common name: CASTOR BEAN, RICINUS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Ricinus communis


Family Fabaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Fabales)

76
White Sweet Clover *
Melilotus albus

TJM1: Melilotus alba.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Generic common name: SWEETCLOVER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road shoulder within chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Melilotus albus


Family Anacardiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Sapindales)

77
Laurel Sumac
Malosma laurina


Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW).
Generic common name: LAUREL SUMAC.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Malosma laurina

78
Lemonadeberry
Rhus integrifolia


Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW).
Other common names: lemonade sumac.
Generic common name: SUMAC.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Feb 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rhus integrifolia

79
Sugar Bush
Rhus ovata


Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW).
Other common names: sugar sumac.
Generic common name: SUMAC.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rhus ovata


Family Rutaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Sapindales)

80
Bush Rue
Cneoridium dumosum


Family: Rutaceae (RUE).
Generic common name: CNEORIDIUM.

Coastal sage scrub, Mar 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cneoridium dumosum


Family Brassicaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Capparales)

81
Shepherd's Purse *
Capsella bursa-pastoris


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Generic common name: SHEPHERD'S PURSE, CAPSELLA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in coastal sage scrub, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Capsella bursa-pastoris

82
Milkmaids
Cardamine californica


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: California toothwort, bitter cress, toothwort.
Generic common name: BITTER-CRESS, TOOTHWORT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Cardamine californica var. californica).
Thumbnail Picture of Cardamine californica

83
Jewel Flower
Caulanthus heterophyllus


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: slender pod jewelflower, San Diego wild cabbage.
Generic common name: JEWELFLOWER, WILD CABBAGE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: burned chaparral, April 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Caulanthus heterophyllus

84
Rock Cress
Draba cuneifolia


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: wedge-leaf draba, wedge-leaf whitlow grass.
Generic common name: DRABA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, Mar 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Pictures taken over a several year period. Despite numerous visits I have never seen the flowers fully open.
Thumbnail Picture of Draba cuneifolia

85
Lesser Swine Cress *
Lepidium didymum

TJM1: Coronopus didymus.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in coastal sage scrub, July 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium didymum

86
Shiny Peppergrass
Lepidium nitidum


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: shining pepperweed, peppergrass, tongue grass.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: grassland, Mar 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium nitidum


Family Ericaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Ericales)

87
Mission Manzanita
Xylococcus bicolor


Family: Ericaceae (HEATH).
Generic common name: MISSION MANZANITA.

Coastal sage scrub, Mar 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Xylococcus bicolor


Family Cucurbitaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Violales)

88
Wild Cucumber
Marah macrocarpa

TJM1: Marah macrocarpus.

Family: Cucurbitaceae (GOURD).
Other common names: Manroot, Cucamonga manroot, Chilicothe.
Generic common name: MANROOT, WILD CUCUMBER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Marah macrocarpa


Family Platanaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Hamamelidales)

89
Western Sycamore
Platanus racemosa


Family: Platanaceae (SYCAMORE).
Other common names: California sycamore, aliso, planetree.
Generic common name: SYCAMORE, PLANE TREE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Platanus racemosa


Family Ranunculaceae (Magnoliopsida | Magnoliidae | Ranunculales)

90
Ropevine Clematis
Clematis pauciflora


Family: Ranunculaceae (BUTTERCUP).
Other common names: small leaved clematis, hill clematis.
Generic common name: VIRGIN'S BOWER, LEATHER FLOWER, CLEMATIS.

Chaparral, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Vines on chaparral shrubs.
Thumbnail Picture of Clematis pauciflora


Family Arecaceae (Liliopsida | Arecidae | Arecales)

91
Canary Island Date Palm *
Phoenix canariensis


Family: Arecaceae (PALM).
Other common names: Canary island palm.
Generic common name: DATE PALM.

Photographs from SMMNRA: wet disturbed area adjacent to coastal sage scrub, Aug 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Phoenix canariensis


Family Agavaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

92
Mojave Yucca
Yucca schidigera


Family: Agavaceae (AGAVE, CENTURY PLANT).
Other common names: splinter yucca.
Generic common name: YUCCA, SPANISH BAYONET.

Coastal sage scrub, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Yucca schidigera


Family Alliaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

93
Red-skinned Onion
Allium haematochiton


Family: Alliaceae (ONION, GARLIC), Liliaceae (LILY).
Generic common name: ONION, GARLIC.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Allium haematochiton


Family Melanthiaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

94
Star-lily
Toxicoscordion fremontii

TJM1: Zigadenus fremontii.

Family: Melanthiaceae (BUNCHFLOWER), Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: chaparral zygadene, death camas, Fremont's deathcamas.
Generic common name: DEATH CAMAS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Toxicoscordion fremontii




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