Cabrillo National Monument

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85 species matched this search criteria




Family Asteraceae (radiate) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

1
Woolly Aster
Corethrogyne filaginifolia

TJM1: Lessingia filaginifolia.

Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: cudweed aster, common California aster, California aster, common sandaster, cud-aster.
Generic common name: LESSINGIA, CALIFORNIA-ASTER, SAND-ASTER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Blue, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

This name refers to a complex group that has been recently simplified through consolidation.
Thumbnail Picture of Corethrogyne filaginifolia

2
Cape-Marigold *
Dimorphotheca sinuata


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Namaqualand daisy .
Generic common name: DAISYBUSH, AFRICAN DAISY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed road margin, Mar 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Dimorphotheca sinuata

3
Gazania *
Gazania linearis


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: treasureflower.
Generic common name: GAZANIA, TREASURE-FLOWER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: this garden escapee can be found in many different colors and is called by many different names.
Thumbnail Picture of Gazania linearis


Family Asteraceae (ray) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

4
Perezia
Acourtia microcephala


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: sacapellote, California desert-peony.
Generic common name: DESERTPEONY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Acourtia microcephala

5
San Diego Milk-aster
Stephanomeria diegensis


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: wreathplant, San Diego wirelettuce.
Generic common name: WIRELETTUCE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, Aug 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Stephanomeria diegensis

6
Twiggy Wreath Plant
Stephanomeria virgata


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: virgate stephanomeria, tall stephanomeria, rod wirelettuce.
Generic common name: WIRELETTUCE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Aug 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Stephanomeria virgata ssp. pleurocarpa).
Thumbnail Picture of Stephanomeria virgata


Family Asteraceae (discoid) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

7
Mojave Sagebrush
Artemisia tridentata ssp. parishii


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Parish's sagebrush, big sagebrush.
Generic common name: SAGEBRUSH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, Oct 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Fall.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Artemisia tridentata).
Thumbnail Picture of Artemisia tridentata ssp. parishii

8
Pink Everlasting
Pseudognaphalium ramosissimum

TJM1: Gnaphalium ramosissimum.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: pink cudweed.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal strand, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Biennial.
Thumbnail Picture of Pseudognaphalium ramosissimum

9
Milk-thistle *
Silybum marianum


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: blessed milkthistle.
Generic common name: MILK-THISTLE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: Invasive exotic, has NOXIOUS WEED status in some states.
Thumbnail Picture of Silybum marianum


Family Gentianaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Gentianales)

10
Canchalagua
Zeltnera venusta

TJM1: Centaurium venustum.

Family: Gentianaceae (GENTIAN).
Other common names: beautiful centaury, charming centaury, California centaury.
Generic common name: CENTAURY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: valley grassland, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Zeltnera venusta


Family Boraginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Lamiales)

11
Yerba Santa
Eriodictyon crassifolium var. nigrescens


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF).
Other common names: bicolored yerba santa, felt leaved Yerba Santa.
Generic common name: YERBA SANTA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium).
Thumbnail Picture of Eriodictyon crassifolium var. nigrescens


Family Verbenaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Lamiales)

12
Common Vervain
Verbena lasiostachys var. scabrida


Family: Verbenaceae (VERVAIN).
Other common names: vervain, common verbena, western verbena.
Generic common name: VERVAIN.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Verbena lasiostachys).
Thumbnail Picture of Verbena lasiostachys var. scabrida


Family Rubiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Rubiales)

13
Field Madder *
Sherardia arvensis


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Other common names: blue fieldmadder.
Generic common name: FIELD MADDER, SPURWORT.

Developed areas, April 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Sherardia arvensis


Family Orobanchaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Scrophulariales)

14
Purple Owl's Clover
Castilleja exserta ssp. exserta


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: exserted Indian paintbrush.
Generic common name: INDIAN PAINTBRUSH, OWL'S-CLOVER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Castilleja exserta ssp. exserta

15
Woolly Paintbrush
Castilleja foliolosa


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: Texas Indian paintbrush, woolly Indian paintbrush.
Generic common name: INDIAN PAINTBRUSH, OWL'S-CLOVER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Castilleja foliolosa

16
Parish's broomrape
Orobanche parishii


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE).
Generic common name: BROOM-RAPE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, June 2012.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Orobanche parishii ssp. brachyloba).
Thumbnail Picture of Orobanche parishii


Family Phrymaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Scrophulariales)

17
Bush Monkey Flower
Mimulus aurantiacus


Family: Phrymaceae (LOPSEED), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: sticky monkey flower, island monkeyflower.
Generic common name: MONKEYFLOWER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

The plants shown here reflect forms that key to several different subspecies.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Mimulus aurantiacus var. puniceus). In particular, the Cabrillo NM plants are essentially hairless and the flowers tend to be redder than most shown here. An example of the CNM Bush Monkey Flower can be seen in the title banner on the home page.
Thumbnail Picture of Mimulus aurantiacus


Family Scrophulariaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Scrophulariales)

18
California Figwort
Scrophularia californica


Family: Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: bee plant.
Generic common name: FIGWORT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Scrophularia californica spp. floribunda).
Thumbnail Picture of Scrophularia californica


Family Convolvulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

19
Wild Morning Glory
Calystegia macrostegia ssp. cyclostegia


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: island false bindweed, coast morning glory.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, FALSE BINDWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Intergrades with other local Calystegia species making precise a ID sometimes difficult.
Thumbnail Picture of Calystegia macrostegia ssp. cyclostegia

20
Bindweed *
Convolvulus arvensis


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: orchard morning-glory, field bindweed.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, BINDWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed grassland, June 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Convolvulus arvensis

21
Western Dichondria
Dichondra occidentalis


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: western ponysfoot.
Generic common name: PONYSFOOT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, Mar 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Dichondra occidentalis


Family Polemoniaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

22
Threadleaf Wool-star
Eriastrum filifolium


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: lavender woollystar, lavender eriastrum.
Generic common name: WOOLLYSTAR.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, June 2012.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriastrum filifolium

23
Ground-pink
Linanthus dianthiflorus


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: fringed linanthus.
Generic common name: LINANTHUS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Mar 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Linanthus dianthiflorus

24
Hooked Navarretia
Navarretia hamata ssp. hamata


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: hooked pincushionplant.
Generic common name: PINCUSHIONPLANT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: burned chaparral, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Navarretia hamata ssp. hamata

25
Slender-flowered Hooked Navarretia
Navarretia hamata ssp. leptantha


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Generic common name: PINCUSHIONPLANT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed trail margin in oak woodland and chaparral, July 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Navarretia hamata ssp. leptantha


Family Solanaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

26
Datura
Datura wrightii


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: sacred thorn-apple, toluaca, toloache, western Jimsonweed, hairy thorn-apple, devils trumpet.
Generic common name: JIMSON WEED, THORN-APPLE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed road margin near chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Datura wrightii

27
California Desert Thorn
Lycium californicum


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: California boxthorn.
Generic common name: BOX THORN.

Coastal sage scrub, Jan 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2 .
Thumbnail Picture of Lycium californicum


Family Aizoaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

28
Sea Fig *
Carpobrotus chilensis


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Generic common name: FIG-MARIGOLD, CARPOBROTUS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal strand, April 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Carpobrotus chilensis hybridizes with C. edulis and the plants shown here likely contains at least some C. edulis.
Thumbnail Picture of Carpobrotus chilensis

29
Hottentot Fig *
Carpobrotus edulis


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Other common names: sea fig, iceplant.
Generic common name: FIG-MARIGOLD, CARPOBROTUS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal strand, Sept 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Carpobrotus edulis

30
Coppery Mesemb *
Malephora crocea


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Other common names: coppery mesembryanthemum, crocea iceplant.
Generic common name: MALEPHORA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal strand, Sept 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Malephora crocea var. purpureocrocea).
Thumbnail Picture of Malephora crocea


Family Amaranthaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

31
Low Amaranth *
Amaranthus deflexus


Family: Amaranthaceae (AMARANTH).
Other common names: largefruit amaranth, deflexed amaranth, Argentine amaranth.
Generic common name: AMARANTH, PIGWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed areas throughout, July 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Amaranthus deflexus


Family Cactaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

32
Coast Cholla
Cylindropuntia prolifera

TJM1: Opuntia prolifera.

Family: Cactaceae (CACTUS).
Other common names: cholla.
Generic common name: CHOLLA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, May 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cylindropuntia prolifera


Family Caryophyllaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

33
Sleepy Catchfly
Silene antirrhina


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: sleepy silene, snapdragon campion.
Generic common name: CATCHFLY, CAMPION.

Photographs from SMMNRA: burned chaparral, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Silene antirrhina

34
Windmill Pink *
Silene gallica


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: common catchfly.
Generic common name: CATCHFLY, CAMPION.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Silene gallica

35
Indian Pink
Silene laciniata ssp. laciniata

TJM1: Silene laciniata ssp. major.

Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: cardinal catchfly, Mexican pink.
Generic common name: CATCHFLY, CAMPION.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Silene laciniata ssp. laciniata

36
Boccone's Sandspurry *
Spergularia bocconi


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Generic common name: SAND-SPURREY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, May 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Spergularia bocconi

37
Large Flowered Sand Spurry
Spergularia macrotheca var. macrotheca


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Generic common name: SAND-SPURREY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal grassland, Mar 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Spergularia macrotheca var. macrotheca


Family Chenopodiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

38
Coulterís Saltbush
Atriplex coulteri


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Coulterís orach.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal bluff, May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex coulteri

39
Quail Bush
Atriplex lentiformis


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: big saltbush, coast saltbush, lenscale.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: salt marsh, Sept 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

Note: the flowers of this plant are often referred to as green.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex lentiformis

40
Australian Saltbush *
Atriplex semibaccata


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: creeping saltbush, berry saltbush.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal strand, Sept 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex semibaccata

41
California Saltbush
Extriplex californica

TJM1: Atriplex californica.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: California orach.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: Sept 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: the flowers of this plant are often referred to as green.
Thumbnail Picture of Extriplex californica

42
Woody Glasswort
Salicornia pacifica

TJM1: Salicornia virginica.
FNA: Sarcocornia pacifica.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: pickleweed, Virginia glasswort.
Generic common name: PICKLEWEED, GLASSWORT, SALTWORT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: salt marsh, Sept 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Woody, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Salicornia pacifica

43
Southern Russian Thistle *
Salsola australis

TJM1: Salsola tragus.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Generic common name: RUSSIAN THISTLE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: valley grassland, July 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Frequently confused with Salsola tragus the "Tumbleweed" form.
Thumbnail Picture of Salsola australis

44
Russian Thistle *
Salsola tragus


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Tumbleweed.
Generic common name: RUSSIAN THISTLE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed roadside, Oct 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Salsola tragus


Family Montiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

45
Brewer's Red Maids
Calandrinia breweri


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Generic common name: REDMAIDS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, April 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Calandrinia breweri

46
Seaside Calandrinia
Cistanthe maritima

TJM1: Calandrinia maritima.

Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: seaside pussypaws, seaside redmaids.
Generic common name: PUSSYPAWS.

Point Mugu State Park: sandy slopes above the ocean, May 2014.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2
.
Thumbnail Picture of Cistanthe maritima


Family Nyctaginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

47
Red Sand Verbena
Abronia maritima


Family: Nyctaginaceae (FOUR O'CLOCK).
Other common names: sticky sand verbena.
Generic common name: SAND VERBENA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal strand, Sept 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Abronia maritima

48
Wishbone Bush
Mirabilis laevis var. crassifolia

TJM1: Mirabilis californica.

Family: Nyctaginaceae (FOUR O'CLOCK).
Other common names: California four o'clock, desert wishbone-bush.
Generic common name: FOUR O'CLOCK.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Mirabilis laevis var. crassifolia


Family Polygonaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Polygonales)

49
Fringed Spineflower
Chorizanthe fimbriata var. fimbriata


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: fringed chorizanthe, fimbriate chorizanthe, fringed Turkish rugging.
Generic common name: SPINEFLOWER.

Coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Chorizanthe fimbriata var. fimbriata

50
Turkish Rugging
Chorizanthe staticoides


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Generic common name: SPINEFLOWER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Chorizanthe staticoides

51
California Buckwheat
Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: Eastern Mojave buckwheat, coastal California buckwheat, leafy California buckwheat.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Sometimes intermediate between other varieties.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum

52
California Chorizanthe
Mucronea californica


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: California spineflower.
Generic common name: SPINEFLOWER.

Sandy slopes on the ocean side of the peninsula, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Mucronea californica

53
Thread Stem
Pterostegia drymarioides


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: pterostegia, fairy mist, woodland pterostegia, granny's hair-net, woodland threadstem.
Generic common name: PTEROSTEGIA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pterostegia drymarioides


Family Papaveraceae (Magnoliopsida | Magnoliidae | Papaverales)

54
California Poppy
Eschscholzia californica


Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Generic common name: CALIFORNIA POPPY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Eschscholzia californica

55
Wind Poppy
Papaver heterophyllum

TJM1: Stylomecon heterophylla.

Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Generic common name: POPPY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: grassland, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Papaver heterophyllum


Family Geraniaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Geraniales)

56
Foothill Filaree *
Erodium brachycarpum


Family: Geraniaceae (GERANIUM).
Other common names: shortfruit stork's bill.
Generic common name: STORKSBILL, FILAREE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: grassy disturbed area close to road, Mar 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Solitary, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Erodium brachycarpum

57
Red-stem Filaree *
Erodium cicutarium


Family: Geraniaceae (GERANIUM).
Other common names: redstem stork's bill.
Generic common name: STORKSBILL, FILAREE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: access road shoulder in sage scrub, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Erodium cicutarium

58
White-stem Filaree *
Erodium moschatum


Family: Geraniaceae (GERANIUM).
Other common names: musky stork's bill.
Generic common name: STORKSBILL, FILAREE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: access road shoulder in sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Erodium moschatum


Family Crassulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

59
Pigmy Weed
Crassula connata


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: sand pygmyweed.
Generic common name: PYGMYWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Crassula connata

60
Lance-leaf Live-forever
Dudleya lanceolata


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: southern California dudleya, lance-leaved dudleya.
Generic common name: DUDLEYA, LIVEFOREVER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Dudleya lanceolata

61
Chalk Live-forever
Dudleya pulverulenta


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: chalk dudleya, California chalk lettuce.
Generic common name: DUDLEYA, LIVEFOREVER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: intermittent streambed, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Dudleya pulverulenta


Family Euphorbiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Euphorbiales)

62
Castor Bean *
Ricinus communis


Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Generic common name: CASTOR BEAN, RICINUS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Ricinus communis


Family Fabaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Fabales)

63
Deerweed
Acmispon glaber

TJM1: Lotus scoparius.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: common deerweed, California broom.
Generic common name: NEW WORLD LOTUS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Acmispon glaber var. glaber).
Thumbnail Picture of Acmispon glaber

64
Dolichos Pea *
Dipogon lignosus

TJM1: Not Listed.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: Australian pea, okie bean.
Generic common name: DIPOGON.

Photographs from SMMNRA: escaped cultivar, June 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Dipogon lignosus

65
Dove Lupine
Lupinus bicolor


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: miniature lupine, bicolored lupine, annual lupine.
Generic common name: LUPINE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: grassland, Mar 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lupinus bicolor

66
Alfalfa *
Medicago sativa


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: lucerne.
Generic common name: ALFALFA, BURCLOVER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, July 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Medicago sativa

67
Rose Clover *
Trifolium hirtum


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Generic common name: CLOVER.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed shoulder margin, April 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Trifolium hirtum

68
Slender Vetch
Vicia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana

TJM1: Vicia ludoviciana var. ludoviciana.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: deerpea vetch.
Generic common name: VETCH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Vicia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana


Family Brassicaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Capparales)

69
Sea Rocket *
Cakile maritima


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: European searocket.
Generic common name: SEA ROCKET.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal strand, June 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cakile maritima

70
Milkmaids
Cardamine californica


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: California toothwort, bitter cress, toothwort.
Generic common name: BITTER-CRESS, TOOTHWORT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Cardamine californica var. californica).
Thumbnail Picture of Cardamine californica

71
Hairy Podded Peppergrass
Lepidium lasiocarpum ssp. lasiocarpum


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: shaggyfruit pepperweed, Desert Pepper grass, sand pepperweed.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sandy coastal sage scrub, April 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium lasiocarpum ssp. lasiocarpum

72
Poor Manís Pepper
Lepidium virginicum ssp. menziesii

TJM1: Lepidium virginicum var. pubescens.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: wild pepper grass, Virginia pepperweed.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed trail cut, Mar 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Lepidium virginicum var. robinsonii).
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium virginicum ssp. menziesii

73
Wild Radish *
Raphanus sativus


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: cultivated radish, jointed charlock.
Generic common name: WILD RADISH, RADISH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Red, Medium, Large, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Raphanus sativus


Family Ericaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Ericales)

74
Mission Manzanita
Xylococcus bicolor


Family: Ericaceae (HEATH).
Generic common name: MISSION MANZANITA.

Coastal sage scrub, Mar 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Xylococcus bicolor


Family Malvaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Malvales)

75
Bush Mallow
Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. fasciculatus


Family: Malvaceae (MALLOW).
Other common names: chaparral mallow, Mendocino bushmallow, Santa Cruz Island bush mallow.
Generic common name: BUSH MALLOW.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Malacothamnus fasciculatus).
Thumbnail Picture of Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. fasciculatus

76
Cheeseweed *
Malva parviflora


Family: Malvaceae (MALLOW).
Other common names: cheeseweed mallow, little mallow.
Generic common name: MALLOW.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road shoulder in chaparral, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Malva parviflora


Family Myrsinaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Primulales)

77
Scarlet Pimpernel *
Anagallis arvensis


Family: Myrsinaceae (MYRSINE), Primulaceae (PRIMROSE).
Other common names: poor-man's weatherglass.
Generic common name: PIMPERNEL.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Anagallis arvensis


Family Primulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Primulales)

78
Shooting Star
Dodecatheon clevelandii


Family: Primulaceae (PRIMROSE).
Other common names: padre's shootingstar.
Generic common name: SHOOTING STAR.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Dodecatheon clevelandii


Family Cistaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Violales)

79
Pink Rockrose *
Cistus incanus

TJM1: Cistus creticus.
Other scientific names: Cistus villosus, Cistus incanus ssp. creticus.

Family: Cistaceae (ROCK-ROSE).
Other common names: hairy rockrose, Cretan rockrose.
Generic common name: ROCK-ROSE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: June 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Cultivar infrequently encountered escaped near urban landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Cistus incanus


Family Frankeniaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Violales)

80
Alkali Heath
Frankenia salina


Family: Frankeniaceae (FRANKENIA).
Other common names: alkali seaheath.
Generic common name: FRANKENIA, SEAHEATH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: salt marsh, Sept 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Frankenia salina


Family Tamaricaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Violales)

81
Saltcedar *
Tamarix ramosissima


Family: Tamaricaceae (TAMARISK).
Other common names: tamarisk.
Generic common name: TAMARISK.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed road margin, April 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Tamarix ramosissima


Family Platanaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Hamamelidales)

82
Western Sycamore
Platanus racemosa


Family: Platanaceae (SYCAMORE).
Other common names: California sycamore, aliso, planetree.
Generic common name: SYCAMORE, PLANE TREE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Platanus racemosa


Family Alliaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

83
Red-skinned Onion
Allium haematochiton


Family: Alliaceae (ONION, GARLIC), Liliaceae (LILY).
Generic common name: ONION, GARLIC.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Allium haematochiton

84
Early Onion
Allium praecox


Family: Alliaceae (ONION, GARLIC), Liliaceae (LILY).
Generic common name: ONION, GARLIC.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, April 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Allium praecox


Family Liliaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

85
Chocolate Lily
Fritillaria biflora var. biflora


Family: Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: mission bells.
Generic common name: FRITILLARY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Fritillaria biflora var. biflora




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