Cabrillo National Monument

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79 species matched this search criteria




Family Asteraceae (discoid) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

1
Silver Beach-bur
Ambrosia chamissonis


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: silver beachweed, silver bur ragweed, beach bur.
Generic common name: RAGWEED, BUR-SAGE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal strand, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer, Fall.

Male and female blossoms.
Thumbnail Picture of Ambrosia chamissonis

2
Western Ragweed
Ambrosia psilostachya


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Cuman ragweed.
Generic common name: RAGWEED, BUR-SAGE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: valley grassland, Aug 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Ambrosia psilostachya

3
California Sagebrush
Artemisia californica


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: coastal sage brush.
Generic common name: SAGEBRUSH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Artemisia californica

4
Coyote Brush
Baccharis pilularis ssp. consanguinea

TJM1: Baccharis pilularis.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: dwarf chaparral broom, chaparral broom.
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in chaparral, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer, Fall.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Baccharis pilularis).
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis pilularis ssp. consanguinea

5
California Brickellbush
Brickellia californica


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: brickellbush.
Generic common name: BRICKELLBUSH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Brickellia californica

6
California Filago
Logfia filaginoides

TJM1: Filago californica.
FNA: Logfia californica.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: California herba impia, California cottonrose, filago.
Generic common name: HERBA IMPIA, COTTONROSE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: burned chaparral, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Logfia filaginoides

7
Narrowleaf Cottonrose *
Logfia gallica

TJM1: Filago gallica.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Mediterranean herba impia, filago.
Generic common name: HERBA IMPIA, COTTONROSE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Logfia gallica

8
Pineapple Weed *
Matricaria discoidea

TJM1: Chamomilla suaveolens.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: rayless chamomile, chamomile.
Generic common name: CHAMOMILE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Matricaria discoidea

9
Spiny Cocklebur *
Xanthium spinosum


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Spiny clotbur, Cocklebur.
Generic common name: COCKLEBUR.

Photographs from SMMNRA: waste areas, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.

Note: has NOXIOUS WEED status.
Thumbnail Picture of Xanthium spinosum


Family Plantaginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Plantaginales)

10
California Plantain
Plantago erecta


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN).
Other common names: dotseed plantain, foothill plantain.
Generic common name: PLANTAIN.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Plantago erecta

11
English Plantain *
Plantago lanceolata


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN).
Other common names: ribgrass, narrowleaf plantain.
Generic common name: PLANTAIN.

Photographs from SMMNRA: valley grassland, May 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Plantago lanceolata


Family Rubiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Rubiales)

12
Narrow-leaved Bedstraw
Galium angustifolium ssp. angustifolium


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Generic common name: BEDSTRAW, CLEAVERS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Galium angustifolium ssp. angustifolium

13
Climbing Bedstraw
Galium nuttallii ssp. nuttallii


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Other common names: San Diego bedstraw.
Generic common name: BEDSTRAW, CLEAVERS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Galium nuttallii ssp. nuttallii


Family Aizoaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

14
New Zealand Spinach *
Tetragonia tetragonioides


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Generic common name: TETRAGONIA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: landscaped parking area, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Tetragonia tetragonioides


Family Amaranthaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

15
Tumbleweed *
Amaranthus albus


Family: Amaranthaceae (AMARANTH).
Other common names: prostrate pigweed, pigweed amaranth.
Generic common name: AMARANTH, PIGWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed areas throughout, July 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Amaranthus albus

16
Low Amaranth *
Amaranthus deflexus


Family: Amaranthaceae (AMARANTH).
Other common names: largefruit amaranth, deflexed amaranth, Argentine amaranth.
Generic common name: AMARANTH, PIGWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed areas throughout, July 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Amaranthus deflexus


Family Cactaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

17
Golden-spined Cereus
Bergerocactus emoryi


Family: Cactaceae (CACTUS).
Other common names: cunyado, golden clubcactus, Emory's cereus, golden snakecactus.
Generic common name: SNAKECACTUS, BERGEROCACTUS, GOLDEN CEREUS.

Coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 2B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Bergerocactus emoryi


Family Caryophyllaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

18
Sand Mat
Cardionema ramosissimum


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: sandcarpet.
Generic common name: CARDIONEMA.

Coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cardionema ramosissimum

19
Mouse-eared Chickweed *
Cerastium glomeratum


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: sticky chickweed, large mouse ears, sticky mouse-ear chickweed.
Generic common name: MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, May 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cerastium glomeratum

20
California Polycarp
Polycarpon depressum


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: California allseed, California manyseed.
Generic common name: POLYCARP, MANYSEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: April 2012.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Photographed out of range.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know.
Thumbnail Picture of Polycarpon depressum


Family Chenopodiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

21
Aphanisma
Aphanisma blitoides


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: San Diego coastalcreeper.
Generic common name: COASTALCREEPER.

Coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Aphanisma blitoides

22
Parish's glasswort
Arthrocnemum subterminale

TJM1: Salicornia subterminalis.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Parish's pickleweed.
Generic common name: PICKLEWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: salt marsh, Nov 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Arthrocnemum subterminale

23
Four-wing Saltbush
Atriplex canescens var. canescens

TJM1: Atriplex canescens ssp. canescens.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: shadscale, hoary saltbush.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, Oct 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

A California native used in landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex canescens var. canescens

24
Coulterís Saltbush
Atriplex coulteri


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Coulterís orach.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal bluff, May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex coulteri

25
Quail Bush
Atriplex lentiformis


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: big saltbush, coast saltbush, lenscale.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: salt marsh, Sept 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

Note: the flowers of this plant are often referred to as green.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex lentiformis

26
Beach Saltbush
Atriplex leucophylla


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: seascale.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal strand, Sept 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex leucophylla

27
Australian Saltbush *
Atriplex semibaccata


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: creeping saltbush, berry saltbush.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal strand, Sept 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex semibaccata

28
Annual Saltbush
Atriplex serenana


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: bractscale, tractscale, saltscale, stinking orach.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed grassland north of Phantom Trail, Oct 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Atriplex serenana var. serenana).
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex serenana

29
Watson's Saltbush
Atriplex watsonii


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: matscale, Watson's orach.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal salt marsh, July 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex watsonii

30
Five-hook Bassia *
Bassia hyssopifolia


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: fivehorn smotherweed.
Generic common name: SMOTHERWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed coastal soils throughout, June 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Bassia hyssopifolia

31
Garden Beet *
Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Sea Beet.
Generic common name: BEET.

Photographs from SMMNRA: drier upper margin of salt marsh, July 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima

32
Lambís Quarters *
Chenopodium album


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: pigweed.
Generic common name: PIGWEED, GOOSEFOOT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: July 2012.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Chenopodium album

33
Pitseed Goosefoot *
Chenopodium berlandieri var. zschackei


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Zschack's goosefoot.
Generic common name: PIGWEED, GOOSEFOOT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: drying bottom and margin of an ephemeral pool, July 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Chenopodium berlandieri).
Thumbnail Picture of Chenopodium berlandieri var. zschackei

34
California Goosefoot
Chenopodium californicum


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: pigweed, soaproot.
Generic common name: PIGWEED, GOOSEFOOT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: burned chaparral, April 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Chenopodium californicum

35
Nettle-leaf Goosefoot *
Chenopodium murale


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: sowbane.
Generic common name: PIGWEED, GOOSEFOOT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: Disturbed areas and roadsides, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Chenopodium murale

36
Mexican tea *
Dysphania ambrosioides

TJM1: Chenopodium ambrosioides.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: epazote, wormseed.
Generic common name: MEXICAN TEA, WORMWOOD.

Photographs from SMMNRA: Sept 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Dysphania ambrosioides

37
California Saltbush
Extriplex californica

TJM1: Atriplex californica.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: California orach.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: Sept 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: the flowers of this plant are often referred to as green.
Thumbnail Picture of Extriplex californica

38
Woody Glasswort
Salicornia pacifica

TJM1: Salicornia virginica.
FNA: Sarcocornia pacifica.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: pickleweed, Virginia glasswort.
Generic common name: PICKLEWEED, GLASSWORT, SALTWORT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: salt marsh, Sept 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Woody, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Salicornia pacifica

39
Southern Russian Thistle *
Salsola australis

TJM1: Salsola tragus.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Generic common name: RUSSIAN THISTLE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: valley grassland, July 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Frequently confused with Salsola tragus the "Tumbleweed" form.
Thumbnail Picture of Salsola australis

40
Russian Thistle *
Salsola tragus


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Tumbleweed.
Generic common name: RUSSIAN THISTLE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed roadside, Oct 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Salsola tragus

41
Estuary Sea-blite
Suaeda esteroa


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Generic common name: SEA-BLITE, SEEPWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal salt marsh, July 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Suaeda esteroa

42
Woolly Seablite
Suaeda taxifolia


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Generic common name: SEA-BLITE, SEEPWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal salt marsh, May 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Suaeda taxifolia


Family Montiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

43
Sand Cress
Calyptridium monandrum

FNA: Cistanthe monandra.

Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: pussy paws, common pussypaws.
Generic common name: PUSSYPAWS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: burned chaparral, Mar 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Calyptridium monandrum


Family Polygonaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Polygonales)

44
Orcutt's Spineflower
Chorizanthe orcuttiana


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: San Diego spineflower, Orcutt's chorizanthe.
Generic common name: SPINEFLOWER.

Coastal sage scrub, Mar 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.1.
Thumbnail Picture of Chorizanthe orcuttiana

45
Prostrate Spineflower
Chorizanthe procumbens


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: prostrate Turkish-rugging, prostrate chorizanthe.
Generic common name: SPINEFLOWER.

Coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Chorizanthe procumbens

46
Devil's Thorn *
Emex spinosa


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: spiny threecornerjack.
Generic common name: THREECORNERJACK.

Photographs from SMMNRA: Jan 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.

Note: Invasive exotic, NOXIOUS WEED.
Thumbnail Picture of Emex spinosa

47
Slender Buckwheat
Eriogonum gracile var. gracile


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: slender woolly wild buckwheat.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, Aug 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Eriogonum gracile).
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum gracile var. gracile

48
Leather Spineflower
Lastarriaea coriacea

FNA: Chorizanthe coriacea.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: spine-flower.
Generic common name: LASTARRIAEA.

Sandy slopes on the ocean side of the peninsula, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lastarriaea coriacea

49
Cottonheads
Nemacaulis denudata var. denudata


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: nemacaulis, coast woolly-heads.
Generic common name: NEMACAULIS, COTTONHEADS.

Coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Nemacaulis denudata var. denudata

50
Common Knotweed *
Polygonum aviculare ssp. depressum

TJM1: Polygonum arenastrum.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: doorweed, oval-leaf knotweed, dooryard knotweed.
Generic common name: KNOTWEED, SMARTWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed shoulder margin and pavement cracks, Mar 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Polygonum aviculare ssp. depressum

51
Thread Stem
Pterostegia drymarioides


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: pterostegia, fairy mist, woodland pterostegia, granny's hair-net, woodland threadstem.
Generic common name: PTEROSTEGIA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pterostegia drymarioides

52
Curly Dock *
Rumex crispus


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: curly leaved dock.
Generic common name: DOCK.

Photographs from SMMNRA: valley grassland, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rumex crispus


Family Rhamnaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rhamnales)

53
Redberry
Rhamnus crocea


Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN).
Other common names: redberry buckthorn, spiny redberry.
Generic common name: BUCKTHORN.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rhamnus crocea

54
Hollyleaf Redberry
Rhamnus ilicifolia


Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN).
Other common names: evergreen buckthorn.
Generic common name: BUCKTHORN.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rhamnus ilicifolia


Family Crassulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

55
Pigmy Weed
Crassula connata


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: sand pygmyweed.
Generic common name: PYGMYWEED.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Crassula connata


Family Apiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Apiales)

56
Shiny Lomatium
Lomatium lucidum


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: shiny biscuitroot.
Generic common name: DESERTPARSLEY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lomatium lucidum

57
Pacific Sanicle
Sanicula crassicaulis


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: gamble weed, pacific blacksnakeroot.
Generic common name: SANICLE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Sanicula crassicaulis


Family Euphorbiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Euphorbiales)

58
Croton
Croton californicus


Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: California croton, desert croton, sand croton.
Generic common name: CROTON.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal strand, April 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Croton californicus

59
Turkey Mullein
Croton setigerus

TJM1: Eremocarpus setigerus.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: dove weed.
Generic common name: CROTON.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Croton setigerus

60
Petty Spurge *
Euphorbia peplus


Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Generic common name: SPURGE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: weed of moist disturbed places, Jan 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Euphorbia peplus


Family Fabaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Fabales)

61
Southern California Locoweed
Astragalus trichopodus var. lonchus


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: Santa Barbara milkvetch.
Generic common name: MILKVETCH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sage scrub, April 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Astragalus trichopodus var. lonchus


Family Bataceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Batales)

62
Saltwort
Batis maritima


Family: Bataceae (SALTWORT).
Other common names: beachwort, turtleweed.
Generic common name: SALTWORT.

Photographs from SMMNRA: salt marsh mud flat, May 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Batis maritima


Family Brassicaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Capparales)

63
Rock Cress
Draba cuneifolia


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: wedge-leaf draba, wedge-leaf whitlow grass.
Generic common name: DRABA.

Photographs from SMMNRA: coastal sage scrub, Mar 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Pictures taken over a several year period. Despite numerous visits I have never seen the flowers fully open.
Thumbnail Picture of Draba cuneifolia

64
Lesser Swine Cress *
Lepidium didymum

TJM1: Coronopus didymus.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: road margin in coastal sage scrub, July 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium didymum

65
Hairy Podded Peppergrass
Lepidium lasiocarpum ssp. lasiocarpum


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: shaggyfruit pepperweed, Desert Pepper grass, sand pepperweed.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: sandy coastal sage scrub, April 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium lasiocarpum ssp. lasiocarpum

66
Poor Manís Pepper
Lepidium virginicum ssp. menziesii

TJM1: Lepidium virginicum var. pubescens.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: wild pepper grass, Virginia pepperweed.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed trail cut, Mar 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Lepidium virginicum var. robinsonii).
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium virginicum ssp. menziesii


Family Resedaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Capparales)

67
Oligomeris
Oligomeris linifolia


Family: Resedaceae (MIGNONETTE).
Other common names: lineleaf whitepuff, leaved cambess, desert-spike.
Generic common name: OLIGOMERIS.

Sandy slopes on the ocean side of the peninsula, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Oligomeris linifolia


Family Salicaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Salicales)

68
Fremont Cottonwood
Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii


Family: Salicaceae (WILLOW).
Other common names: alamo.
Generic common name: POPLAR, COTTONWOOD, ASPEN.

Photographs from SMMNRA: grassland along road margin, Mar 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii

69
Sandbar Willow
Salix exigua var. hindsiana


Family: Salicaceae (WILLOW).
Other common names: narrow-leaved willow, Hinds' willow.
Generic common name: WILLOW.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, May 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Fall.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Salix exigua).
Thumbnail Picture of Salix exigua var. hindsiana

70
Pacific Willow
Salix lasiandra var. lasiandra

TJM1: Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra.

Family: Salicaceae (WILLOW).
Other common names: shining willow, golden willow, yellow willow.
Generic common name: WILLOW.

Photographs from SMMNRA: Mar 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Salix lasiandra var. lasiandra


Family Platanaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Hamamelidales)

71
Western Sycamore
Platanus racemosa


Family: Platanaceae (SYCAMORE).
Other common names: California sycamore, aliso, planetree.
Generic common name: SYCAMORE, PLANE TREE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Platanus racemosa


Family Urticaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Urticales)

72
Annual Stinging Nettle
Hesperocnide tenella


Family: Urticaceae (NETTLE).
Other common names: western nettle, western stingingnettle.
Generic common name: WESTERN NETTLE, STINGINGNETTLE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Hesperocnide tenella

73
Rillita Pellitory
Parietaria hespera


Family: Urticaceae (NETTLE).
Generic common name: PELLITORY.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed road margin, Mar 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Note: The plants at CNM have been listed with a different subspecies or variety than the SMM cousin shown here and may appear slightly different (CNM: Parietaria hespera var. californica).
Thumbnail Picture of Parietaria hespera

74
Dwarf Nettle *
Urtica urens


Family: Urticaceae (NETTLE).
Generic common name: STINGING NETTLE, NETTLE.

Photographs from SMMNRA: disturbed coastal sage scrub, Mar 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Urtica urens


Family Orchidaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Orchidales)

75
Chaparral Rein Orchid
Piperia cooperi


Family: Orchidaceae (ORCHID).
Other common names: Cooper's rein-orchid.
Generic common name: PIPERIA, REIN ORCHID.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Piperia cooperi

76
Alaskan Rein Orchid
Piperia unalascensis


Family: Orchidaceae (ORCHID).
Other common names: Rein orchid, Alaska piperia, slender spire orchid.
Generic common name: PIPERIA, REIN ORCHID.

Photographs from SMMNRA: oak woodland, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Piperia unalascensis


Family Juncaceae (Liliopsida | Commelinidae | Juncales)

77
Toad Rush
Juncus bufonius var. bufonius


Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Generic common name: RUSH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian woodland in saturated soill, June 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus bufonius var. bufonius

78
Mariposa Rush
Juncus dubius

Other scientific names: Juncus rugulosus.

Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Other common names: wrinkled rush.
Generic common name: RUSH.

Photographs from SMMNRA: riparian, June 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Although J. rugulosus is not strictly a synonym it has been treated here as such.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus dubius


Family Cupressaceae (Pinopsida | Pinales)

79
Tecate Cypress
Hesperocyparis forbesii

TJM1: Cupressus forbesii.
FNA: Cupressus guadalupensis var. forbesii.

Family: Cupressaceae (CYPRESS).
Generic common name: WESTERN CYPRESS.

Photographs from SMMNRA: chaparral, disturbed road embankment, Feb 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Hesperocyparis forbesii




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